Pertussis Causes

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  • Diphtheria is a very contagious infection that makes it difficult to breathe. In severe cases, it can cause heart and nerve damage. Pertussis, or whooping cough, is an extremely contagious respiratory infection that can lead to severe breathing problems, especially in infants. Pertussis first appears like an ordinary cold, but then causes intense, uncontrollable coughing spells. A \"…
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  • Pertussis, or whooping cough, is an infection of the nose, throat, and lungs. Your air passages get plugged with thick mucus, which causes coughing spells. Pertussis is usually less serious in adults and most serious in babies and young children. Pertussis is caused by bacteria. It is easily spread in the air when someone with pertussis coughs or sneezes.
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  • Whooping cough (pertussis) is a highly contagious bacterial infection. Whooping cough spreads easily by coughing and sneezing and mainly affects the respiratory system (the organs that help you breathe, such as your lungs).
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  • Tdap is an inactive vaccine, which means it is made using dead bacteria. The dead germs cannot make you sick. Tdap is not the same as DTaP, the vaccine used for children to prevent the same diseases.
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  • While pertussis bacteria can live on a surface or object for several days, most people dont get whooping cough from contact with surfaces or objects. They get it from close face-to-face contact with people who have whooping cough.
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  • Infants are typically hospitalized for treatment because whooping cough is more dangerous for that age group. If your child can't keep down liquids or food, intravenous fluids may be necessary. Your child will also be isolated from others to prevent the infection from spreading.Treatment for older children and adults usually can be managed at home.
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  • Call the doctor if you suspect that your child has whooping cough. To make a diagnosis, the doctor will take a medical history, do a thorough physical exam, and may take nose and throat mucus samples to be checked in a lab. Blood tests and a chest X-ray also might be done.Whooping cough is treated with antibiotics. Many experts believe that antibiotics are most …
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  • Whooping cough is generally treated with antibiotics. Its important to start treatment as soon as possible to help keep from spreading the disease to others. Early treatment can also make the symptoms end sooner and be less severe. Talk to your doctor, nurse, or clinic as soon as you learn that you have been exposed. You may be given antibiotics to treat your infection and mak…
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  • One of the conventional emergency treatments for infants with life-threatening pertussis disease is extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to provide cardiac and respiratory support (Williams et al. 1998). However, the success rate of this treatment for these infants is relatively low, with ∼70% mortality rate (Halasa et al. 2003), possibly because of the leukocytosi…
See more on academic.oup.comSee moreNew content will be added above the current area of focus upon selectionSee lessThe disease usually starts with cold-like symptoms and maybe a mild cough or fever. In babies, the cough can be minimal or not even there. Babies may have a symptom known as “apnea.” Apnea is a pause in the child’s breathing pattern. Pertussis is most dangerous for babies. About half of babies younger than 1 yea…See more on cdc.gov
  • It may take 3 to 21 days to get pertussis after you come in contact with the bacteria. This time is called the incubation period. Pertussis begins like a cold. After you cough and you take a breath, you may make a whooping noise. You may also cough up thick mucus after a coughing spell. You may cough for several weeks or months after you begin to feel better. You may also have the fo…
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  • The early symptoms of whooping cough are often similar to those of a common cold and may include: 1. runny or blocked nose 2. sneezing 3. watering eyes 4. dry, irritating cough 5. sore throat 6. slightly raised temperature 7. feeling generally unwellThese early symptoms of whooping cough can last for 1 to 2 weeks, before becoming more severe.Check your symptoms with healt…
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  • The symptoms of whooping cough are different depending on your age. Babies and young kids can have severe coughing spells that make it hard to eat, drink, breathe, or sleep. Some babies may turn blue because they cant catch their breath. They may not cough at all but have life-threatening pauses in their breathing. Older kids and adults may only have a runny nose and lo…
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  • The CDC recommends the Tdap vaccine for all adults ages 19 and older who have never received the vaccine, especially:
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  • Whooping cough can be prevented with the pertussis vaccine, which is part of the DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis) immunization.DTaP immunizations are routinely given in five doses before a child's sixth birthday. For additional protection in case immunity fades, experts recommend that kids ages 11-18 get a booster shot of the new combination vaccine (called Tda…
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  • See separate Whooping Cough Vaccination article. As above, the vaccination programme in the UK has been extended to include pregnant women to give neonates protection before the time of their first routine vaccination.Current recommendations to treat cases with antibiotics are in the interests of reducing spread to others rather than influencing the course of the disease for the in…
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  • Getting vaccinated is the best way to lower the risk of getting whooping cough. Its also important to wash your hands, cover your cough, and stay home whenever youre sick. Yes. You can have whooping cough without realizing it and infect others. This is especially important to know for people who are going to be around babies or pregnant women. Any time you have a runny nos…
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  • These diseases were once quite common in the U.S. and led to many deaths. However, routine vaccinations have helped nearly eliminate tetanus and diphtheria infections. Pertussis is the only vaccine-preventable disease that continues to rise in the U.S. Before 2005, only young children could receive the pertussis vaccine. Waning immunity and inadequate vaccination -- many pare…
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  • B. pertussis is a small Gram-negative coccobacillus, which causes 300,000 deaths worldwide in children each year. Whooping cough is a cyclical disease with increases occurring every three to four years; the last peak occurred in 2012.Whooping cough was endemic in the UK prior to the introduction of the vaccine in the 1950s, with annual notifications exceeding 120,000 in Englan…
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  • Whooping cough is always active in our state. In a typical year, Washington has anywhere between 184 and 1026 cases of whooping cough, but in 2012 we had an epidemic with nearly 5000 cases. In the past 20 years, whooping cough has caused as many as two deaths in some years with no deaths in other years. Most outbreaks in Washington are local, with a variation in …
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  • The incidence of pertussis in children has dramatically decreased since the introduction of pertussis vaccination. However, the incidence has been steadily rising in developed countries since the 1970s and this is superimposed on epidemic cycles occurring on average every 3 years 1. The morbidity associated with pertussis is usually more substantial in infants and children.
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  • Your healthcare provider will do a physical exam and listen to your lungs. He will ask about your symptoms and how long you have felt sick. He may ask if you have other health conditions. Tell your healthcare provider if you have been around anyone who has pertussis. He may order the following tests to find the cause of your symptoms:
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  • Diagnosing whooping cough in its early stages can be difficult because the signs and symptoms resemble those of other common respiratory illnesses, such as a cold, the flu or bronchitis.Sometimes, doctors can diagnose whooping cough simply by asking about symptoms and listening to the cough. Medical tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. Such tests m…
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  • Other causes of upper respiratory tract infection and lower respiratory tract infection - eg: 1. Adenoviral infection - associated with fever, sore throat and conjunctivitis. 2. Mycoplasma pneumoniae - usually a history of fever, headache and systemic symptoms at onset. 3. Chlamydophila pneumoniae - commonly causes pharyngitis, bronchitis and atypical pneumonia…
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  • If you think you or one of your family members has whooping cough, call your doctor, nurse, or clinic and ask to be evaluated for whooping cough. Anyone that might have whooping cough should stay away from other people until the illness is treated (or another diagnosis for the cough proves its not contagious). Find more whooping cough vaccination rates from the CDC:
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  • The most severe infections are usually in infants, with morbidity and mortality greatest in those aged less than 6 months. Mortality rate at this age is much higher than that of the general population (an estimated 3.5% as compared to 0.03%). Serious illness is less common in older children and adults.The cough can last for three months or more and future upper respiratory tr…
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  • Recent studies show that the whooping cough vaccine for young kids (DTaP) doesnt last as long as expected, and protection wears off over time. Protection is highabout 98 percentwithin the first year after getting the fifth DTaP dose. It goes down to about 70 percent by five years later, and may continue to gradually go down after that. The vaccine works very well for the first couple of …
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  • The primary method of prevention for pertussis is vaccination. When infected, macrolides, such as erythromycin, are the treatment of choice. It has been shown to shorten the duration of symptoms when given during the catarrhal stage and shorten the period of contagiousness 4.Complications of pertussis may be related to the infection (e.g. pneumonia, otitis media), severe cough (e.g. su…
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  • Infants younger than 6 months may not make the ‘whoop’ sound after coughing, but they may start gagging or gasping, and may temporarily stop breathing. While your baby is unwell with whooping cough, it is a good idea to keep them close by and watch them carefully in case they stops breathing. Some babies will need to stay in hospital. If your baby has any trouble breathin…
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  • The more severe complications and deaths occur mostly in infants aged less than 6 months. Complications include: 1. Pneumonia. 2. Apnoea. 3. Seizures. 4. Encephalitis. 5. Otitis media. 6. Dehydration. 7. Weight loss. 8. Problems caused by raised intra-thoracic or intra-abdominal pressure during coughing such as: 1. Fractured ribs. 2. Subconjunctival haemorrhage. 3. Inguin…
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  • The incubation period (the time between infection and the start of symptoms) for whooping cough is usually 7 to 10 days, but can be as long as 21 days.
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  • Transmission is by respiratory droplets. The incubation period is 7 to 20 days. It is most infectious in the catarrhal phase and can be considered non-infectious to non-household contacts three weeks after onset of symptoms. This is reduced to five days if the appropriate antibiotics are given.Children or healthcare workers who are diagnosed with whooping cough should stay off s…
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1 hours ago WebPertussis, also known as whooping cough, is an acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis is a human disease and no animal or insect …

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3 hours ago WebJan 07, 2020 · Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. The disease is most dangerous in infants, and is a …

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7 hours ago WebPertussis, commonly known as whooping cough, is a respiratory infection that's very contagious. It usually results in prolonged and repeated bouts (paroxysms) of coughing …

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Just Now WebPertussis (Whooping Cough) is a priority for NIAID. It most commonly affects infants and young children and can be fatal. Pertussis (Whooping Cough) is a priority for NIAID. NIAID supports research on how B. …

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Just Now WebWhooping cough (pertussis) can cause serious illness in people of all ages but is most dangerous for babies. Getting vaccinated is the best way to protect against pertussis. …

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2 hours ago WebClinical Features. Educate parents to consider pertussis when their child has a cough or apnea. Let them know that it can be a severe illness, especially for infants, and they should seek immediate treatment. Inquire …

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Just Now WebFeb 11, 2022 · Causes. Whooping cough is caused by a type of bacteria called Bordetella pertussis. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, tiny germ-laden droplets are …

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3 hours ago WebMar 30, 2016 · The causes of these fluctuations in the epidemiology of pertussis are still a topic of controversy, though the findings of Rohani and Drake suggest that evolution of …

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5 hours ago WebMany babies with whooping cough don’t cough at all. Instead it may cause apnea and turn blue or struggle to breathe. It may seem like a common cold for the entire illness, not just the beginning. The infection is generally …

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Just Now WebNov 25, 2022 · Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a bacterial infection that causes a violent, persistent cough. In 2019, the last year before the pandemic, Maine …

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Just Now WebNov 17, 2022 · Symptoms of pertussis start 7 to 10 days after being exposed and vary by age. They usually begin as cold-like symptoms including a runny nose, tearing eyes, …

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6 hours ago WebNov 18, 2022 · Pertussis can cause complications in people of all ages, but it is particularly dangerous in babies under one year of age and can cause death. People can spread the …

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2 hours ago WebApr 06, 2022 · Pertussis or whooping cough is an uncontrollable, violent cough that often causes cough fits. This makes it difficult for the patient to breathe and requires them to …

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4 hours ago WebWhooping cough (pertussis) is an endemic (common) disease in the United States. It is a contagious respiratory illness and spreads easily from person to person. Outbreaks may …

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7 hours ago WebWhooping cough caused thousands of deaths in the 1930s and 1940s. With the advent of a vaccine, the death rate has declined dramatically. Pertussis vaccines are very effective. …

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1 hours ago WebPertussis, also known as whooping cough, is an extremely contagious bacterial infection. It can cause serious respiratory illness in people of all ages but is most dangerous for …

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